We conduct indoor air quality (IAQ) surveys to characterize the conditions of your office, warehouse, plant, laboratory, hospital, etc. Based on results we more deeply investigate suspected contaminants and causes, then provide solutions.
Common indoor air quality testing/sampling or surveys include:
- Mold (including aspergillus, penicillium and stachybotrys)
- Bacteria (such as Legionella pneumophila, MSRA, E. coli, etc.)
- Chemicals (VOCs, formaldehyde, ethylene oxide, etc.)
- Dust and particulates
- Allergens (cat, dog, rat, mouse, dust mite, pollen)
- Carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO)
- Tobacco (nicotine)
Phase I – Initial Indoor Air Quality Survey
Usually a one-day investigation of the indoor environment, the initial survey may include the following actions, depending on the situation:
- Preliminary information gathering and fact finding before the onsite visit to obtain information on the building, its system, occupants, activities, complaints (if any) and illnesses (if any).
- Investigate general environmental conditions that could affect the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in the areas of study. An inspection also is conducted of the HVAC systems supplying these areas. Adhesive tape imprints and microscopic examination of the surface materials inside the HVAC system are collected. Pictures may be taken for confirmation purposes.
- Test for general indoor parameters such as temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and total volatile organic compounds. These parameters are measured with direct reading instruments.
- Collect Air-O-Cell samples in order to ascertain levels of particles such as mold/fungal elements and spores, opaque particle fragments, dust and fibers. This testing/sampling defines the nature of particles present.
- Collect microbiological samples to test for the presence of molds/fungi, and/or bacteria.
- Sample any chemical agents identified during the preliminary information gathering.
(In all of the above tests, air samples are collected not only from the area(s) of concern, but also from non-complaint area and/or from outdoors for comparison purposes.)
- Prepare written report of findings and recommendations listing corrective actions where problems have been identified.
- Provide expert witness or litigation support of the situations requiring legal action.
Phase II – In Depth IAQ Investigation
Where situations cannot be resolved by a Phase I evaluation and the extent of the problem is greater than anticipated or more testing/sampling and evaluation is necessary, an in-depth indoor air quality (IAQ) investigation would be performed. Each situation is unique, but the following are some of the tests that could be performed:
- More extensive examination of the interior of the HVAC System including opening ductwork and test for molds, bacteria or chemicals
- Continuous monitoring of basic air quality parameters (CO2, CO, Temp., RH) – 24 hrs/day for up to 14 days
- Testing/sampling and analysis of airborne bacteria/fungi (bioaerosols), mycotoxins or endotoxins
- Microscopic assays – Air-O-Cells and Transparent Tape Imprints for mold, bacteria, fibers, dander, or pollen
- Particulate assays – microscopic identification of fibers, pollens, fungi, or asbestos
- Chemical assays – Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), specific chemicals and identification of unknowns
- Indoor allergens – dust mites, cat and dog dander, cockroach allergens, endotoxins
- Water Analysis – sampling/testing for Legionella bacteria, E. coli, heavy metals, hardness, or specific analytes
- Testing for formaldehyde – found in furniture, drapes, cloth, paneling and adhesives
- A detailed report with corrective measures and/or a remediation plan.
Phase III – Remediation
Once problems have been identified, we can participate in corrective measures for identified IAQ problems. Using our internal staff or affiliate organizations and sub-contractors, we can oversee the necessary corrective measures or recommend reputable contractors. This includes:
- Specifications / Remediation Plans
- Oversight and project management of abatement or remediation
- Final air sampling/testing, mold or bacteria sampling/testing, chemical analysis to ensure clean-up is complete
Phase IV – Expert Witness
Our senior personnel have experience in expert witness and litigation support in matters related to indoor air quality and mold. We have developed expert reports, provided testimony for depositions and appeared in court for litigation involving the sources and causes of mold development, the extent of remediation required, and insurance claim issues for both commercial and residential situations.